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The 74th Annual Meeting
will be held at the Kobe University
on 11th-12th June 2022, Kobe, JAPAN

Main Activities of the PAJ

The Population Association of Japan: PAJ was established in 1948. The association started a big project from 1997 to publish Dictionary of Population in 2001 to commemorate the anniversary. Nearly 200 authors within and other than the Association members will take part in writing the manuscript.

The PAJ has been publishing an academic journal, Jinkogaku Kenkyu (The Journal of Population Studies) since 1978 which celebrated the twentieth issue in 1997 and started to publish it twice a year from that year. The journal, commemorating the 20th issue, collected review articles overlooking the achievements in the six major fields of population studies over the 20 years in Japan, i.e. (1) population structure and aging (SAGAZA 1997), (2) migration, urbanization and distribution (OTOMO 1998), (3) fertility(OTANI 1997), (4) mortality and morbidity (NANJO and SHIGEMATSU 1997), (5) nuptiality, family and households (HIROSIMA 1998), (6) labour force and unemployment(KANEKIYO 1997), and (7) population projection and population policy (including family planning)(OKAZAKI 1997) which appeared on the issues number 20 to 23.

We can grasp the whole idea of the progress in the population studies in recent Japan since around 1975 by these articles, including another article on historical demography on the issue number 19 (KITO 1996).

Annual Meeting

In order to facilitate the development of the population studies in Japan, we hold an annual academic meeting once a year usually in June with regional meetings in three regions, i.e. Kyushu, Higashinihon and Kansai. The annual meetings include general sessions for members to report on any theme, a symposium and special sessions on pre-arranged themes.


The themes of the symposiums sometimes related to the locality of the host university or focused on some general concerns at other occasions.

The themes and the titles of presentations from 1994 to 1998 were as follows.

1994: 'Can the global population be controlled below ten billion?'
  • Sustainable development and population control by Makoto ATOH (Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare)
  • Women's empowerment and its population implications by Shigemi KONO (Reitaku University)
  • The effectiveness of family planning program by Kenji HAYASHI (Institute of Public Health)
  • Population Policies and Human Right by Tatsuro KUNUGI (International Christian University)
1995: 'Regional problems in zero-sum population society: based on the area of Kyushu'
  • Trends in Japanese population and its regional distribution by Makoto ATOH (Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare)
  • Regional problems on the social-economical aspects by Hiroshi MORIMOTO (Research Institute of Kyushu Economy)
  • Regional problems of public health and welfare by Takao SHIGEMATSU (Fukuoka University)
  • Regional policy for ageing and reproduction by Moriyuki OE (Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare)
1996: 'Population problems in Capital Region'
  • Has the population concentration to Capital Region ended? by Senichi OBAYASHI (Statistics Bureau)
  • Characteristics of population composition in Capital Region: gender, ethnicity, and aging by Machiko WATANABE (Kaetsu Women's College)
  • Changes of Capital Region and its future by Masahisa FUKUSHI (Kanto Gakuen University)
1997: 'Future of population and civilization'
  • Waves of population and civilization by Hiroshi OHBUCHI (Chuo University)
  • Past, present and future of population and families by Hiroshi KITO (Sophia University)
  • Future of Global Population and Civilization by Makoto ATOH (National Institute of Population Problems and Social Security)
1998: 'Is Malthus alive?' in commemoration of the two hundredth year since the publication of the first edition of Malthus's 'Essay on Population' in conjunction with the Malthus Association of Japan
  • Renaissance of Malthus in recent years: centering around Wicksell by Hitoshi HASHIMOTO (Kyoto Sangyo University)
  • Malthus and modern debate on population by Minoru OKADA (Chuo University)
  • Malthus in the twenty first century by Yoichi OKAZAKI (Nihon University)

Special Sessions

The themes of the special sessions reflected the general concerns in the fields of population studies. During the five years from 1994 to 1998, we had 15 special sessions.

Most popular themes of special sessions related to the causes of the low fertility of Japan since the middle of 1970's. But other sessions dealt with widely diverse themes.

Four were on fertility and marriage( 'socio-economics of marriage' in 1994, 'socio-economic theories of fertility: children as public goods' in 1995, 'externalities of reproductive behavior' in 1996 and 'discussing the era of never-married persons' in 1997), three were in historical perspective ('population and generation: with special reference to the population change of the postwar 50 years' in 1995 and 'population and philosophy in early-modern Japan' in 1996 and 'historical demography of the family' in 1998), and two were on the methodology or history of population studies ('frontier of formal demography' in 1997 and '50 years of demography in Japan' in 1998), other six were on other various aspects of population ( 'global environment and local population' in 1996,'population problems of New Towns' in 1994, 'change in working status and labour population' in 1997, and 'longevity and health in the twenty first century', 'gender and population problems' and 'issues surrounding the population theory of Malthus' in 1998).

International Activities

To enhance the mutual understanding and cooperative works among demographers in East Asia, the committee for international exchange of the Association began the international activities in 1995 in cooperation with Japan Aging Research Center. The committee held a special lecture session titled 'Population Problems in Asia' at the forty-eighth annual meeting of the Association in Ota City in 1996. The lectures were 'On Malthus' Principles of Population by Takao SATO (Kanto Gakuen University), 'Population problems in China by XIAO Zhen-Yu (China Institute for Ageing Science), 'Population problems in Korea by CHOE Ehn-Hyun (Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs), and 'Population problems in Taiwan by SUN Te-Hsiung (Research Development Committee, Taiwan Government).

Chinese and Japanese demographers held a meeting in Beijing in 1997 and discussed the future cooperative activities at the occasion of the International Population Conference by the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP).

An international forum was held at the fiftieth annual meeting of the Association this year. The theme was "Aging Issues in urban areas in East Asia". Population aging in Urban areas: present and in future in China was reported by GUI Shi-Xun (East China Normal University), in Korea by CHOE Ehn-Hyun (Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs), in Taiwan by SUN Te-Hsiung (Taiwan University), and in Japan by Atsushi OTOMO (Japan Women's University).

Aging issues and the policies in urban areas in Shanghai was reported by GUI Shi-Xun, in Seoul by YOON Jong-Joo (Gerontology Association of Korea), in Taegu by LEE Sung-Kook (Kyungpook Medical University), in Taipei by CHANG Ming-Cheng (Tokai University), and in Japan by Naomi MARUO (Nihon University).

How to join the society

The information to join the society is available as Microsoft Word document file or pdf file.

Copyright and other notice for this page
Copyright (C) Population Association of Japan, 2000-.
All Rights Reserved.
First drafted August 30, 2000
Last revised June 9, 2021